[Bldg-sim] Interior window creation

6 posts / 0 new
Last post

I apologize, late in the day I sent that to the wrong mailing list.
Moving discussion over to EQUEST-USERS

Carol,

I read this same section of the DOE2 documentation, but my question is
what did I do wrong. I followed the instructions in placing the window
definition aftetr the interior-wall definition, and it doesn't work.

Alan Jackson, LEED AP

Jackson, Alan's picture
Offline
Joined: 2011-09-30
Reputation: 0

Alan,

Couple thoughts:

Which space(s) are you defining with interior windows? Those receiving
light from outside, or the interior spaces receiving light through interior
windows?

Have you looked in the help files under sunspace? There's a help page
titled "Error, Caution, and Warning Messages" specific to sunspaces. Have a
look at your .sim file and see if you're getting error messages matching
anything in the error list.

If I'm barking up the wrong tree, can you re-post the .pd2 & .inp files to
the list so we can have another look? If you do, tell us which room(s) are
supposed to be receiving daylight and to which space(s) it/they are passing
light.

Steven

Steven Savich's picture
Offline
Joined: 2011-09-30
Reputation: 0

Sunspace Elements

Alan, unfortunately just because it is in the DOE2.2 manual doesn?t mean
eQuest can do it ? the interface is very well featured, but perhaps not
quite 100% of all routines. Did you try this with a text editor? Maybe try
running the simulation from the command line instead of eQuest if you
haven?t already.

*David S. Eldridge, Jr.**, P**.**E**.**, LEED AP BD+C, BEMP, HBDP*

*From:* equest-users-bounces at lists.onebuilding.org [mailto:
equest-users-bounces at lists.onebuilding.org] *On Behalf Of *Steven Savich
*Sent:* Friday, May 28, 2010 10:14 AM
*To:* 'Jackson, Alan'
*Cc:* equest-users at lists.onebuilding.org
*Subject:* Re: [Equest-users] [Bldg-sim] Interior window creation

Alan,

Couple thoughts:

Which space(s) are you defining with interior windows? Those receiving
light from outside, or the interior spaces receiving light through interior
windows?

Have you looked in the help files under sunspace? There's a help page
titled "Error, Caution, and Warning Messages" specific to sunspaces. Have a
look at your .sim file and see if you're getting error messages matching
anything in the error list.

If I'm barking up the wrong tree, can you re-post the .pd2 & .inp files to
the list so we can have another look? If you do, tell us which room(s) are
supposed to be receiving daylight and to which space(s) it/they are passing
light.

Steven

*From:* equest-users-bounces at lists.onebuilding.org [mailto:
equest-users-bounces at lists.onebuilding.org] *On Behalf Of *Jackson, Alan
*Sent:* Friday, May 28, 2010 6:09 AM
*To:* Carol Gardner
*Cc:* equest-users at lists.onebuilding.org
*Subject:* Re: [Equest-users] [Bldg-sim] Interior window creation

I apologize, late in the day I sent that to the wrong mailing list. Moving
discussion over to EQUEST-USERS

Carol,

I read this same section of the DOE2 documentation, but my question is what
did I do wrong. I followed the instructions in placing the window definition
aftetr the interior-wall definition, and it doesn?t work.

Alan Jackson, LEED AP

*From:* Carol Gardner [mailto:cmg750 at gmail.com]
*Sent:* Thursday, May 27, 2010 7:22 PM
*To:* Nick Caton
*Cc:* Jackson, Alan; bldg-sim at lists.onebuilding.org
*Subject:* Re: [Bldg-sim] Interior window creation

Sunspace Elements

Interior Windows

Interior windows can be specified by following an INTERIOR-WALL command by
one or more WINDOW commands. Interior walls can have windows. The keywords
for interior windows are the same as those for exterior windows, with some
exceptions:

1. The following keywords are unused:

FRAME-WIDTH SETBACK
GLARE-CTRL-PROB SHADING-DIVISION
GLASS-TYPE-SW SWITCH-CONTROL
GND-FORM-FACTOR SWITCH-SCH
INF-COEF SWITCH-SET-HI
LEFT-FIN-A, etc. SWITCH-SET-LO
OVERHANG-A, etc. VIS-TRANS-SCH
RIGHT-FIN-A, etc. WIN-SHADE-TYPE

2. SKY-FORM-FACTOR multiplies the total diffuse radiation incident on an
interior window. If the interior window has a setback (relative to the
sunspace) or there are obstructions inside the sunspace that shade the interior
window, a value of SKY-FORM-FACTOR less than 1.0 should be specified (the
default value is 1.0).

Shading devices on interior windows, like Venetian blinds, drapes, or
pull-down shades, can be simulated via the keywords SHADING-SCHEDULE and
MAX-SOLAR-SCH. Movable insulation on interior windows can be modeled using
keywords CONDUCT-SCHEDULE and CONDUCT-TMIN-SCH.

For an accurate calculation of the solar radiation transmitted by a sunspace
interior window, it is important to specify the X and Y coordinates of the
window. These coordinates are measured with respect to the lower-left hand
corner of the INTERIOR-WALL as viewed in the NEXT-TO space (see ?INTERIOR-WALL
Command? in the *DOE-2.2 Dictionary*). The position of exterior
windowsshould also be carefully specified. The program will only
recognize interior
windows in an interior wall between a sunspace and a non-sunspace.

Sliding glass doors can be modeled as interior windows. If the
interiorwall containing the glass door has AIR-FLOW-TYPE =
FREE-DOORWAY (see
WALL-PARAMETERS, below), the door will be assumed to be open and convection
through the opening will be calculated if T(sunspace) - T(adjacent space) > AIR-FLOW-CTRL-DT.

Additional control of the opening and closing of the door can be obtained by
using SS-FLOW-SCH (see description of ZONE keywords, below).

An unglazed opening in a sunspace interior wall can be input as a
windowwith GLASS-TYPE-CODE = 0. The program will calculate the solar
radiation
passing through the opening by using a transmittance of 1.0 for all angles
of incidence. WALL-PARAMETERS data, described below, would be entered for
the INTERIOR-WALL to specify the convective air flow through the opening.

Interior Doors

Unlike exterior walls, interior walls in cannot have doors. However, an
opaque interior door with a conductance significantly different from the
sunspace interior wall containing it can be input as a separate
interiorwall. Alternatively, the door can simply be ignored if the
conduction
across it is small compared to the overall conduction across the wall. The
program will calculate convection through a fully or partially open door if
AIR-FLOW-TYPE = FREE-DOORWAY and appropriate values of DOORWAY-H and
DOORWAY-W are specified (see WALL-PARAMETERS, below).

Use Glass Type not Shading Coefficient for Sunspaces

You should use GLASS-TYPE-CODE rather than SHADING-COEF for sunspace
exterior windows. This allows the program to accurately calculate the hourly
direct and diffuse radiation transmitted by the glazing. This is not
possible with SHADING-COEF except for standard 1/8" clear glass.

Use Custom Weighting Factors for Sunspaces

Custom Weighting Factors (CWFs) should be used for sunspaces for several
reasons:

1. For high conductance spaces, the precalculated (ASHRAE) weighting
factors overestimate heating and cooling loads. The overestimate can be as
high as 25-30% for heavily glazed spaces.

2. CWFs account for loss of solar gain due to reflection of sunlight
back out of exterior windows.

3. CWFs give a more accurate calculation of the generally large
temperature swings in a solar-driven space.

4. CWFs will automatically be calculated for any space with FLOOR-WEIGHT
= 0 (the default value). Otherwise, the program will use ASHRAE weighting
factors.

Positioning Surfaces

For an accurate calculation of solar radiation falling on the interior walls
of a sunspace, the bounding surfaces of the sunspace need to be
geometrically positioned. This applies to the exterior walls and roofs and
their associated windows, and the interior walls and their associated
windows. We recommend that a sunspace interior wall be defined in the
sunspace rather than in the adjacent room. Otherwise, the adjacent room
must be properly located with respect to the sunspace. If this is not done,
the interior walls and windows will be mispositioned relative to the
sunspace exterior windows, and the projection of solar radiation from the
windows onto the interior walls will be incorrect. This will give a wrong
calculation of the solar radiation transferred from sunspace to room. Even
in this case, there will be no fictitious overall solar gain or loss since
the solar that stays in the sunspace plus that transferred to adjacent rooms
is constrained by the program to equal that entering the sunspace. There
will, however, be an error message if the transferred solar exceeds the
entering solar, which would give a net negative solar gain in the sunspace.
This may occur if interior walls or windows on them overlap, if a multiplier
is used on an interior window, or if a multiplier is used on rooms adjacent
to a sunspace.

Massive Interior Walls

Sunspace interior walls are often fairly heavy, leading to a significant
time delay in the heat transfer across them by conduction. Such walls
should be described by response factors, i.e., with a delayed-type
construction.

The order of defining layers in a delayed interior wall is from "outside" to
"inside", where "outside" is the side of the wall in the NEXT-TO space, and
"inside" is the side in the space in which the wall was defined. If, as
recommended, the interior wall is defined in the sunspace, then the outside
of the wall is the side in the adjacent room.

Delayed conduction through interior walls is calculated only for sunspace
interior walls. For other interior walls the hourly conduction is quick.

Delayed conduction through an interior between two non-sunspaces can be
obtained simply by assigning SUNSPACE = YES to one of the spaces, even
though the space is not actually a sunspace. In this case, If the solar
flux on the "sunspace" side of the wall is small, it is recommended that
INSIDE-SOL-ABS = (0,0) be input for the wall in order to zero out absorption
of solar radiation. Otherwise, all interior and exterior walls and
windowsin the "sunspace" should be geometrically positioned as
described above in
"Positioning of Sunspace Surfaces".

Moisture from Plants and Trees

Atriums often have plants and trees. Moisture transpiring from leaves and
evaporating from soil can produce a significant latent load. You can model
this load using the source keywords in SPACE as follows:

SOURCE-TYPE = PROCESS
SOURCE-LATENT = 1.0
SOURCE-SENSIBLE = 0.0
SOURCE-POWER = [latent load in Btu/hr or W]
SOURCE-SCHEDULE = U-name of schedule

Baffles and Louvers

Baffles and louvers on sunspace exterior windows, which block and/or diffuse
incoming beam radiation, can be modeled as blinds using the WINDOW-LAYERS
keyword in the WINDOW command. See ?Window Layers Method? in the
Windowtopic. The blinds can be
interior, exterior or between pane. They can be controlled in different ways
to manage solar gain.

David S Eldridge's picture
Joined: 2011-09-30
Reputation: 2000

Alan,

I very much look forward to hearing whether this explicit method of
defining internal windows works out for you or anyone else. It sounds
like it may involve less work altogether than the method I outlined
below, which I came up with as a means of roughly approximating
inter-space daylight transfer for daylighting control purposes.

NICK CATON, E.I.T.

Nick-Caton's picture
Offline
Joined: 2011-09-30
Reputation: 805

Thanks everyone for your help. I am re-attaching the files and will
examine the Help documentation for information on the sunspace errors as
Steven recommended. After I have a more in depth look at the help files
maybe I can post some better findings, but in the meantime if you want
to examine the file I am attaching. You will get errors on loading but
if you let it load you will see the surfaces that I have retained as
EXTERIOR-WALL showing the glazed subsurface. eQuest deletes the
INTERIOR-WALL with the windows on it due to the errors.

Steven, to answer your question though, the wall I am placing the
interior windows on is associated with the interior space and not the
cavity/sunspace space. Perhaps the windows need to be placed on an
interior-wall that is part of the sunspace. I will try that also.

Thanks again

Alan Jackson, LEED AP

Jackson, Alan's picture
Offline
Joined: 2011-09-30
Reputation: 0

The DOE22Vol2-Dictionary.pdf manual states that you can only have
interior wall windows if the space containing the interior wall has
SUNSPACE = YES. The solar transmission through such interior windows
is calculated but equest cannot directly calculate daylight passing
through said window for the purposes of daylighting control.

Chris Jones

Chris Jones's picture
Offline
Joined: 2011-09-30
Reputation: 0